This post is also available in: Русский (Russian)
Over the last millennium, hundreds of different species of animals have died out, some due to cataclysms and diseases, others due to human fault. But in the 21st century it is fixable! Who said that soon we will not be able to ride a mammoth or scratch behind the ear of a saber-toothed tiger, because scientists are already working to bring these ancient animals back to life.
Who in the opinion of scientists will get a chance to rebirth?
The five lucky ones are opened by the Tasmanian wolf
According to the official version of the Tasmanian, or marsupial wolf is considered extinct since 1986. However, it is well known that in the wild, the last specimen was killed in 1930. The animal disappeared due to the fault of the mass hunting company, because for each killed predator poachers were paid a round sum. The turning point came in 1999, when the Australian Museum set itself the task of creating a clone of Tasmanian wolf, using genetic material from a 100-year-old alcoholic calf of the last individual.
At the end of 2002, scientists made a breakthrough with the right DNA samples, but they were unsuitable for reproduction. In 2005, the project was suspended, and in May 2008, the scientists planted one of the recovered fragments of the wolf’s genome in the mouse embryo.
The four lucky ones are led by the tour
The tour is a huge primitive bull, the master of the entire Eastern Hemisphere. In 1627, the last animal was exterminated by man. The meat of the tour was considered to be a royal delicacy, so it was intensively hunted.
Despite the fact that the huge bull has been gone for almost 400 years, its DNA remains strikingly similar to the DNA of modern cattle. Therefore, the tour is the first candidate for “resurrection”. Currently, scientists intend to extract DNA from archaeological finds. The restored DNA of the primitive bull will be injected into the embryo of an ordinary cow.
Three clones are discovered by a woolly rhinoceros
During the last global glaciation of the Earth (about 10 thousand years ago), the giant was the master of the surroundings. Significant climatic changes, changes in flora and fauna have led to its extinction. But according to scientists, a woolly rhinoceros can be resurrected.
Scientists plan to take as a basis, as a donor, the closest relative of this ancient creature – Sumatran rhinoceros and well-preserved remains of an ancient species. At the moment everything is prepared, except financial support.
The second place belongs to the Irish deer
Huge herbivorous animals lived in the Pleistocene era, not only in Ireland, but throughout Eurasia. Just imagine, the distance between the ends of the horns of large individuals reached 3.7 meters, and the height in the crest – 2 meters!
Scientists have stated that in a successful experiment, the embryo of an Irish deer will be planted with a European fallow deer. DNA will be extracted from the remains of the Irish deer, preserved under the ice on the island of Greenland. Currently, DNA has not been isolated.
The woolen mammoth takes first place in honor
Japanese, Russian and American geneticists are working to revive the giant. As a basis are taken DNA, well-preserved carcasses of a mammoth, extinct 10 thousand years ago. In the near future, the mammoth embryo is to be planted on an African elephant female.