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The Greenland dog is a typical representative of the tough and strong Nordic dogs. He has all the data for this – a powerful and strong body with well-developed muscles and an impenetrable thick wool. The Greenland dog is tireless in his work. It is a dog with a balanced, calm character, devoted, cheerful and pleasant in communication. But when Greenlanders are united in a group, in a team, they show great independence and independence. Unfortunately, he cannot live in an apartment.
Greenland dog – a direct descendant of the oldest dogs that lived in Siberia about 10 thousand years ago and came to Greenland in the XVII century. It is one of the driving northern breeds of dogs like Husky. It is slightly different from the Eskimo dog, but it is recognized as an independent breed. It is still used for its intended purpose. The first mention in the literature of the existence of such dogs in Greenland belongs to Emil Bessel and dates back to 1871. In some editions this breed is called Eskimo dog, Eskimohund, which is probably not very successful, because the name close to the sound of the name belonged to the now abolished another indigenous breed of dogs from Canada.
It’s a typical Aboriginal breed that brings together working dogs that are geographically and ecologically isolated from others. In the 20th century, an attempt was made to promote Greenland dogs as sports and exhibition dogs, but it failed – on the one hand, “formed in the ice” dogs did not tolerate the climate of most other climatic zones, on the other hand, among them there was a colossal mortality from plague – the same “sterility” in the ice has led to the lack of immunity of the dogs, allowing them to fight against plague. And systematic and qualitative vaccinations appeared only in the 60s of XX century. As a result, Greenlandic dogs have so far been left free. According to some reports, not so long ago this breed was quite widespread in many northern countries as a working sled dog. However, the use of mechanical means of transportation in the Arctic ice has led to a widespread reduction in the number of this breed.
Nowadays, this dog is rarely found in the home country, but amateurs make great efforts to preserve the breed. Locals also use Greenlandic dogs as hunting dogs for seal hunting: dogs look for seals in the ice for vents. And nowadays these dogs work like Eskimo sled dogs. Greenlandic dogs have also played an important role in expeditions exploring the Arctic ice expanses. The Greenland dog is similar to the Eskimo dog, differing only in its longer format and lower weight.
This dog is above average height. Height in the crest of dogs from 60 cm, bitches – from 55 cm, weight from 30 kg. The head of a medium size, with a wide skull part, is proportional to the size of the body. The transition from forehead to muzzle is clearly marked. Muzzle with tightly adjoining lips, slightly pointed, the back of the nose is straight. The nose is dark, but it can get lighter in winter. Eyes of medium size, oval, usually dark, but with a lighter color is allowed to lighten. Ears are pointed, triangular, standing, small, widely spaced, and the auricle is directed forward. The neck is of medium length, powerful. The chest is deep and wide. Tail is very lush, in a ring or half ring, thrown on the back, thick, short. Wool is elongated, thick, protruding.
Spun hair reaches a length of 15 cm, elastic, shiny. The undercoat is shorter, softer and denser. Neither wave nor curl are allowed. Hair on the head and limbs is short, tightly adjoining. On the neck of the clutch, on the tail and back surfaces of the thighs are not long scalp. Coloration is diverse, continuous or pegged, except for albinism, probably not found isabella, tiger, ticker, and tic